Stanisław Wyspiański

Stanisław Wyspiański (1869—1907) is a poet, dramatist, theatrical director, painter, architectural restorer, furniture designer, and can be called a Renaissance man of the early XX century. Wyspiański is of prime importance to the history of Polish art, as he is to the history of Polish literature.  He is the key artist of Modernism in Poland, and the driving force behind the Młoda Polska (Young Poland) period in letters. A student of Jan Matejko, he was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in his home city of Kraków. During a period of study in Paris, he came to know, and be influenced by, Gaugin. His artworks are characterised by their decorative qualities and bright colours. He was especially fond of pastels. Many of his works may be seen in Kraków today. Of special importance are his stained glass windows in the Franciscan church. His designs for stained glass windows at Wawel Cathedral, including depictions of St. Stanisław, remained unrealised until the XXI century (when they were incorporated into the Wyspiański Pavilion on Grodzka St.)

He is the author of nearly twenty verse dramas, chief among which is Wesele (The Wedding Feast, 1901), a poetic allegory concerning his contemporary Poland and the inability of his countrymen to act, in a concerted fashion, to win their independence from the partitioning empires of Austria, Russia and Prussia.  His collected writings fill fourteen volumes. They include, besides his dramatic works, lyrical and narrative poetry, a strongly-interpreted translation of Corneille’s Le Cid, the first great production of Adam Mickiewicz’s Dziady (Forefathers’ Eve), and a critical consideration of Shakespeare’s Hamlet from the perspective of its stage realisation in modern Poland.


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9781911414544 | Pub. date: September 2017
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Acropolis - The Wawel Plays
Catalogus 2019

Catalogue 2019